Hunting has always been considered a relevant part of human activities and existence. In the past, it was taken up by individuals as a means of livelihood and entertainment.
People engaged in hunting as a means of obtaining food and as a veritable source of income. Some also engaged in hunting to prevent animal encroachment of human land or for games and entertainment. Other groups saw hunting as a display of strength, skill and bravery which was often rewarded by the ruling class in the past.
However, hunting has recently become a critical issue of topical discourse from two different dimensional standpoints. The first standpoint looks at hunting from a logical dimension. Logically hunting is the only veritable and relevant medium for controlling and balancing animal population in the ecosystem.
This school of thought believes that if the animal population is not managed, it can increase to rival the human population. And because both man and animal are naturally dependent on the environmental resources such as food, land and water for survival, the resultant effect is that man and animals will have to compete and struggle for these environmental resources.
Here are some of the benefits of hunting to the environment.
1. Hunting controls the animal population and balances the ecosystem.
2. Hunting is a source of food and nutrition.
3. Hunting is a good source of income and revenue generation.
4. Revenue from hunting contributes to development.
5. Hunting prevents biological disease.
6. Hunting manages and conserves wildlife.
7. Hunting prevents road-related accidents.
Hunting Controls Animal Population and Balances the Ecosystem
One vital reason why hunting is good for the environment is that it is a tool and a strategy to regulate animal population and by extension, it balances the ecosystem. Animal hunting has created a balance in the environment, as it has helped in managing the animal population to prevent a rivalry or overrun of the human population.
If animals become as populated as humans, this will create a situation where animals will compete with human beings for land, food and water. Environmental and animal rights activists have argued that hunting has depleted the environment and has led to animal reduction.
Many people have dismissed this argument as being one sided and not representing the opinion of a vast majority.
They argue that both humans and animals have similar inter-dependency in the ecosystem, for habitation, food, water and ultimately – survival. Man was designed to be the dominant habitant in the ecosystem and not the other way round.
Hunting is a Source of Food and Nutrition
Hunting also provides food sources in the environment which is also beneficial to the inhabitants of the environment. In the past, hunting was considered a medium of getting food and other animal products.
While there were other sources of food, most people still enjoyed good bush meat. Well, that is still the case today; especially for the introduction of a vegan diet, and happy eating to those who have chosen that diet.
Without any dispute, the vegetarian diet is a good diet but the reality is that not everyone can cope with or depend solely on vegan diet. Some people love eating meat, eggs, milk and they also eat food crops that make a perfect combination for a balanced diet.
Furthermore, the vegan diet is quite an expensive diet that cannot be afforded by everybody, so hunting also serves as an alternative contribution and addition to the food source.
Hunting is a Good Source of Income and Revenue Generation
Hunting has proven to be economically valuable because it generates income for the hunters to meet their financial needs and to care for their families. Additionally, the income generated by hunters help improve the standard of living of both hunters and the society at large.
Hunting also generates funds and revenue for the government. Revenue comes from taxes, sales, and foreign exchanges of the product and the proceeds of hunting such as meat, bones, animal oils, and medicine.
Revenues from Hunting Contributes to Development
The revenue from hunting has also contributed funds for the provision of basic social amenities and infrastructural development such as electricity, roads, hospitals, schools, markets, game reserve, parks, zoos, animal research centers, and wildlife protection centers.
Hunting Prevents Biological Diseases.
The cases of Ebola virus, Lassa fever and Hanta virus has proven that humans are susceptible to animal diseases and plagues. Getting the antivirus for Ebola virus and Lassa fever was not an easy feat and a lot of people died while scientists were still battling to come up with the cure for these diseases.
The fact that these diseases did not originate from humans made the creation of a vaccine a bit difficult. As earlier stated, the fact that animals are not really affected by human-related diseases also makes it imperative for animal activities to be monitored and controlled.
Hunting Manages and Conserves Wildlife
If hunting is well managed and done under the right parameters, it can serve as a tool to not only manage the wildlife population but also conserve wildlife population. The goal of hunting is not to eradicate wildlife but to manage wild population so it doesn’t get detrimental to the human population.
Hunting also conserves wild animals so they do not go into extinction.
Hunting Prevents Animal-Related Road Accidents
In the past, there were stories of wild animals running in to the roads especially at night. These has contributed to road accidents that have resulted in damages, injuries and even death.
Hunting has gone a long way in reducing and preventing this type of accident because it reduces animal activities in environments inhabited by human beings.
Hunting Can Serve as Physical and Mental Exercise
Hunting like any other physical exercise engages the body’s strength, stamina, endurance, flexibility and agility. Also, just like every other exercise, hunting increases heart rate and keeps it pumping. This exercise improves blood circulation, burns calories for overall fitness, and better health.
As a mental exercise, hunting tasks the thinking faculty and puts the brain to work. It requires hunters to be alert, calculative, smart, sharp and learned so that they do not become the prey.
Hunting Opens up New Market Opportunities
Hunting has opened up the doors for other related markets and industries. Industries such as leather, fashion, food, cosmetics and textile industries, make use of animal byproducts such as fur, skin, oil, bones, eggs and milk to produce clothes, food, shoes, bag beverages and soap.
Additionally, there is a whole growing market for organic animal-based food.
Hunting Contributes to Diversify the Economy
There has been a recent call in most countries for the economy to be diversified. Diversification opens up new and multiple avenues for the government to generate revenues. Hunting has opened up new markets for animal products and created opportunities for investment in these markets.
The government can take advantage of these markets and invest in them. They can also create a good and enabling environment for individuals and private sectors, where both local and foreign investors can explore these markets.
This will go a long way in contributing to the diversification economic agenda of the country.
Hunting Creates Employment Opportunities
Hunting creates employment and job opportunities for men and women in the environment. Hunting creates jobs for the hunters. In addition, there are extended businesses and industries that use animal products and animal byproducts as raw materials.
These businesses and industries employ thousands of people. Employment prevents idleness and by extension reduce social vices especially among the youths.
Hunting Serves as a Form of Outdoor Sports
Although a number of persons and animal activists have questioned the sportsmanship in hunting, quite a good number of persons have come to regard hunting as a form of outdoor sporting activity.
The basis for this assertion is that hunting requires skill, training, practice and physical exertion.
It has been scientifically proven that animals have a heightened sense that makes them more attuned to intrusions and danger. In addition, hunting can create a sense of competition, not necessarily with the animals but with self as hunters sometimes tend to push against their strength and endurance.
Hunting is a Recreational Activity
Hunting also serves as a form of recreational activity and as dicey as this argument can be. If hunting as a recreational activity is carried out under the right stipulation, supervision and parameters, it can be enjoyed as a recreational activity without harming or depleting the environment.
Hunting Promotes Family Bonds
Hunting promotes family bonds and healthy family relationships. Because hunting is teamwork that involves communication, it builds interaction, feeling of togetherness, oneness, and trust.
Families can engage in camping, hiking, hunt for food, make campfires and tell stories. This, in turn, creates and promotes family memories, legacies and traditions that can be passed down from parents to children and down to the future generations.
Additionally, children can also learn a lot about the environment and also pick up survival and endurance skills which can be greatly useful to them later in life.
Hunting Fosters Friendship and Social Ties
Social ties are relationship networks among individuals in the environment. In recent times, most hunters belong to unions and associations. These associations foster friendship and promote relationship networks among hunters within and outside the country.
These friendship and relationship networks breed support, solidarity, unity and oneness among hunters. The relationships can be useful in challenging and trying times
Hunting Gives Environmental Knowledge
Research is a vital safety rudiment for hunting. In this case, environmental research is all about investigating and studying the environment to ascertain the known and unknown variables associated with the environment.
This equips those who are into hunting about the dangers that is associated with every hunting environment and the possible ways of overcoming those dangers. It enlightens about the kinds and nature of animals that exist in a particular environment.
Hunting Associations Contribute to Environmental Conservation and Development
Presently most hunters in developed countries have licenses. They belong to hunting associations which they pay fees and make contributions and donations. These donations support wildlife research, wildlife management programs, hunter education programs and environmental and wildlife conservations organization and parks.
Hunters contribute to animal conservation because hunting is not all about depleting the environment but balancing it. That is why hunters make donations to the conservation of the environment.
In developed countries, hunters are educated and trained to know the importance of hunting to the environment and how they can hunt and still maintain the balance in the environment before they are given licenses.
Video: Why Is Hunting Good for the Environment
This video explains the ecological benefits of hunting.
Hunting Helps to Hone Listening and Concentration Skill
Hunting is a practice that requires a lot of attention, concentration, listening and precision. Hunting helps to hone these skills as they are not only vital in hunting but also beneficial in other aspects of life.
Hunting Teaches Patience
Patience is a virtue that seems to have deteriorated in the day to day human interaction. Individuals in the environment especially the youths have a get rich quick syndrome mentality. Hunting is an activity that requires a great deal of patience, discipline, and perseverance.
This is obviously because the wild animals do no not just walk into the waiting arms of hunters as it can take several hours, days, and nights before they succeed in getting a catch.
Therefore, hunters are forced to develop the virtue of disciple and patience which can be valuable tool to them in other areas of endeavors.
Hunting Develops and Sharpens Survival Instincts and Skill
Both humans and animals have basic survival instincts ingrained in their nature. Some instincts are the tip of reflexes while others are lying dormant. Hunting can bring out those dormant skills and aid in developing new survival skills.
Hunting helps to sharpen skill of alertness, sharpen wits and ability to detect danger. It also strengthens endurance and tracking skills.
Despite the several arguments against hunting there is no gainsaying that hunting has proven to be a veritable avenue for balancing animal population, income generation, nutrition, recreational and survival in both historic and contemporary times.
As convincing as this argument may sound, there is a need for accountability, management, control and balance in hunting activities. Moreover, hunting awareness and education is paramount in enlightening hunters on the right way to hunt that will be beneficial to the environment.
No hunter should hunt without a license as this will go a long way in curbing and preventing environmental abuse.
Finally, hunting should not be an activity that anyone with a hunting tool will just venture into. Hunting especially in developing countries should be managed under a well-established, guided and enforceable framework subject to environmental laws.
Illegal and unlicensed hunting must be prohibited by Government and punishable by the full wrath of the law.
We hope this article was helpful. Feel free to share your thoughts in the comments section.
You can also check out how to apply for a hunting license here.
Why Is Hunting Good for the Environment — Related FAQs
What are the pros of hunting?
The pros of hunting include:
1. It helps to control the population of wildlife.
2. It requires the use of license thereby making it a safe practice.
3. It involves a lot of hiking and other physical activities that help to exercise the body.
4. It helps you fall in love with nature because hunters are always in touch with natural vegetation.
5. It is a means of survival.
6. It is a source of internal revenue.
7. It helps to reduce the number of automotive collisions with wildlife.
What are the cons of hunting?
The cons of hunting are:
1. It is more about winning a trophy which is a show of disrespect to mother nature.
2. It can lead to the extinction of certain wildlife population.
3. Despite hunting being a licensed activity, more people are abusing the practice.
4. Hunting can result in suffering the hunted animal.
5. The cost of enrolling in a hunter education course is awfully expensive.
The cons of hunting can be professionally managed to ensure survival. Hunting is a good practice that holds a lot of benefits if a balance can be found between hunting for trophy and for profit.
How does trophy hunting affect the environment?
Trophy hunting can lead to the extinction of some animal species. This majorly affects those species that are threatened by change in environmental conditions. Trophy hunting is also known as sport hunting which is done for the sake of recreation. It involves shooting selected animals such as elephants, rhinos, lions, bears, and pumas.
This kind of hunting is done under strict government license provisions. The hunter keeps the head of the game as a memento. The head of the hunted animal as well as other parts of the animal’s body can be souvenired.
Why is deer hunting necessary?
Deer hunting is necessary because there is an exponential increase in deer population with insufficient food to keep them all alive. Moreover, deer has been the major cause of automotive collision with wildlife. As a result, deer hunting has become an authorized activity.
On the other hand, some people think that deer hunting is cruel. While this may be true, hunting of deer and other kinds of animals is beneficial to the environment. Nature always finds a way to balance itself. This brings us to consider why animals hunt each other for food. Hence, it will not be out of place to hunt deer in order to keep the population at a healthy level.
What does conservation mean in hunting?
In hunting, conservation means a proper way of managing wildlife such that it will not be detrimental to the human population. The goal of hunting is not to make wildlife go extinct but to conserve wildlife.
Most animals have gone past their reproductive years. As a result of their age, they pose a threat to younger animals. In this case, it will be wise to hunt down such animals to protect the lives of the younger animals. Hence, our ability to protect diverse wildlife in a certain area defines conversation in hunting.
What will happen without hunting?
Without hunting, the following will happen:
1. There will be more automotive collision with wildlife. This will result in increased death rate among humans as well as animals.
2. There will be an uncontrollable increase in the population of wildlife. As a result, there will be unhealthy competition for space, food, and water.
3. Due to the increase in the wildlife population, there will be a fight for the survival of the fittest among wildlife. In this case, the older animals with much strength will oppress the younger animals. In the end, the younger animals will die, leaving behind a wildlife population consisting of older animals who will die someday. Hence, without hunting, all animals will go extinct.