Hunting has an enormous effect on wildlife populations and there’s no end in sight for this sad development as more hunters spring up daily.
Recent research in the United States reveals that hunting has led to an unfortunate 83% reduction of wildlife population especially those within forty kilometres of cities and roads.
The result of this research which was published in journals is coming on the heels of expectations from different quarters for hunters to access new hunting areas.
This is predicted to happen in the coming years when roads and bridges would have been built thereby creating unrestricted access to wildlife habitat for hunters.
Most people are clamoring for strategies to effectively manage wildlife hunting in both restricted and unrestricted tropical ecosystems. These restrictions will include monitoring hunting-related activities and increasing anti-theft patrols.
The control of over-exploitation will also be done through the help of law enforcement agencies. Hunting has greatly affected bird populations with the practice leading to a 58% population decrease within 4.5 miles of hunter’s points.
The difference between the effects on mammals and birds is the amount of meat they provide. Hunters who hunt for commercial reasons are likely to target mammals because of their high meat value.
Although hunting isn’t the only way animals get their population reduced. Habitat loss due to human advancement, climate change, and specie invasion have all contributed to the loss of biodiversity all over the world.
The loss of various types of species due to human damage leads to the reduction of pollination and pest control. It also supports agriculture and releases more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Video: How hunting affects animals
This video explains how hunting affects animals.
Hunting is Different from Sports
Hunting is referred to as “sport” to cover up a series of cruel and unnecessary killings as socially acceptable activities. However, sports involve serious competition (which in most cases is fun) between two agreed parties.
Obedience to the rules and justice of the intervention judges, and achieving the highest results, which does not include death as is the aim of wildlife gaming.
During hunting, animals are forced to “partake” in life or death situations that always lead to their killing. As long as the hunter lives, the lives of animals are threatened with extinction.
Hunting inflicts Pain on Animals
It is very hard for most animals to be shot and killed instantly except when you use a Ruger rifle.
Some hunters shoot and miss their target, and this can lead to an injury on the animal and possibly result in a slow and painful death on the part of the prey in a different location other than where it was shot.
The fear that hunting instills in animals restrict their movement in search of food as the constant chase by hunters make them develop a natural instinct to stay away from danger.
Hunting Disrupts Migration
Most animals are always staying away from danger thus movement to unfamiliar territories is avoided to prevent being shot by hunters. The campfires, trash, vehicle sounds, and smoke emanating from the exhaust pipe have a way of affecting animal movement and migration.
Hunting isn’t a fair Job
There are common claims by hunters to obey the “fair hunt” code, but in reality, it doesn’t exist. With weapons like the Ruger rifle, muzzles, pistols, hunters kill up to two hundred million animals every year – and possibly injure, orphan, and harass millions of others.
U.S. yearly death toll for wildlife includes forty-two million post pigeons, thirty million squirrels, twenty-eight million quails, twenty-five million rabbits, twenty million pheasants, fourteen million ducks, six million deer, several bears, geese, deer, deer, antlers, and more.
Geese, wolves, turkeys, foxes, cougars, coyotes, bears, bobcats, and other forest dwellers aren’t also left out by hunters.
Hunters often use food to lure animals to their waiting weapons.
The underlying truth is, despite how good an animal might be with escaping predators, it cannot escape death after being shot repeatedly by a good rifle like the Ruger rifle or even crossbow.
Hunting is Different from Conservation
Wildlife control and nature conservation are subtle ways to talk about killing – hunting all in the name of fun. A good percentage of wildlife population can be reduced explicitly by hunting, just in a few days.
Those who hunt continuously want people to accept the fact that hunting animals is the same as population control and conservation but in reality, they are exposing the human race to danger as predators like Elk, Deer have few preys to feed on.
The implication of this could lead to these wild animals resorting to humans as their source of food and this is a major risk for people who live near bushes and forest regions.
Also, hunting has led to an over-population of some animal species and in turn, an unbalanced ecosystem.
What Can you Do?
(1). Take part in animal welfare and support measures to end the hunt for free time or recreation. Before supporting any wildlife conservation groups, ask their position in hunting.
Many groups, like Wildlife Defenders, Audubon National Society, Isaac Walton League, Wildlife Society support recreational hunting.
(2). If you have experience or you are studying environmental research, conservation and management of natural resources, wildlife biology and other related courses.
You can use this platform to challenge hunting as a basis for wildlife protection and management.
(3). Familiarize yourself with solutions to conflicts between humans and animals and train your friends and the community where you live based on what you know.
(4). Attend a public meeting of your state’s wildlife agency and express your views on hunting-related issues in their comments section.
Speak, write comments and letters, and encourage other people to do so too.
(5). Join or create a voluntary anti-hunting association and help publicize the injustice of hunters and wildlife agents against wildlife.
(6). Contact your district head and wildlife agent and ask non-hunters for equal attention to job openings and fair representation of indigenes in all wildlife decision-making processes.
We believe that this article has provided you with knowledge of how hunting affects animals.
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